←  religia da filosofia

Planeta.Ge

»

jainizmi

- is suraTebi Sankaradeva 14 Aug 2017

jainizmis Tanaxmad samyaro Sedgeba eqvsi substanciisagan, esenia: jiva dravia – suli, dharmastikaia – moZraobis gamtari, adharmastikaia – uZraobis gamtari, kala – dro, akaSa – sivrce da ajiva anu pudgala – materia, es substanciebi maradiulebi, usawyisoebi da usasruloebi arian, maT ar gaaCniaT arc dasabami da arc dasasruli. samyaros Semadgeneli substanciebis Sesaxeb jainizmis es Teoria, analogiuria induizmSi, budizmSi da sxva dharmul moZRvrebebSi arsebuli Teoriebisa samyaros struqturasTan dakavSirebiT.

iseve rogorc yvela dharmuli moZRvreba, jainizmic amtkicebs, rom arsebobs mravali tatva anu yofierebis elementi, romelTagan aris agebuli mTeli samyaros yofiereba, pirveli eqvsi tatva esenia: jiva – suli, ajiva – materia, asrava – nakadi, bandha – SeboWva, samvara – SeCereba, nirjara – Camocileba da muqti – ganTavisufleba.

iseve rogorc msoflios sxva moZRvrebebSi, jainizmSic arsebobs konretuli eTikur-moraluri kodeqsi da gnoseologiuri sistema. marTali rwmena – samiag darSana, marTali codna – samiag jnana da marTali saqcieli – samiag Caritra erTad Seadgenen gzas sulieri xsnisaken. marTali rwmena aris ornairi: bunebiTi da SeZenili.

jainizmis Tanaxmad arsebobs samoTxisa da jojoxeTis uricxvi samyaro.

jainizmis mixedviT arseboben oTxi saxis RmerTebi: bhavanavasa – srasasaxleebSi mcxovrebi RmerTebi, viantara – Suasamyaros RmerTebi, jiotiSka – kosmiur sxeulTa, mzeebis, planetebisa da mTvareebis RmerTebi da vimanika – kosmiur xomaldebSi mcxovrebi RmerTebi.

iseve rogorc msoflios yvela sulier moZRvrebaSi, jainizmSic arsebobs sulis Teoria, romelic Cemi azriT gasxvavdeba yvel danarCeni Teoriebisagan. jainizmis Tanaxmad adamianis jiva dravias anu suls, romelic dasazRvrulia sivrcesa da droSi, aqvs pulsirebis, SekumSvisa da gafarToebis unari, suli xan ikumSeba da xanac farTovdeba, amasTan is sivrce romelsac ikavebs suli, sulTan erTad ikumSeba da farTovdeba anu suls aqvs drosivrculi kontiniumis daviaciis unari.

jainizmis Tanaxmad materiis dayofa usasrulod SeiZleba. materiasa da sivrceSi sivrculi wertilebis raodenoba usasruloa. am ideis gamo jainizmi nawilobriv SegviZlia miviCnioT metafizikur atomizmad.

iseve rogorc danarCen dharmul moZRvrebebSi (mag. induizmSi, budizmSi da a.S.) jainizmSi arsebobs karmis Teoria. jainizmis mixedviT adamiani iboWeba karmuli energiis rva formiT, esenia: codnis dabindva – jnana varania, aRqmis dabindva – darSana varania, grZnobaTa warmomSobi – vedania, SecdomilebaSi Semyvani – moxania, karma romelic gansazRvravs adamianis fizikuri sicocxlis xangrZlivobas – aiu, statusis ganmsazRvreli – gotra da winaaRmdegobrivi – gatra.

dasavluri ezoTerikuli da aRmosavluri dharmuli moZRvrebebis Tanaxmad adamians gaaCnia ramodenime sxeuli, rasac amtkicebs jainizmic. jainizmis mixedviT adamians aqvs xuTi sxeuli: audarika Sarira – fizikuri sxeuli, vaikria Sarira – transformaciis sxeuli, axaraka Sarira – teleportaciis sxeuli, taijasa Sarira – cecxlis sxeuli da karmana Sarira – karmuli energiis sxeuli.

yovelive zemoTTqmulidan vaskvni, rom jainizmi warmoadgens logikur da racionalur filosofiur-metafizikur sistemas, nawilobriv idealisturi da nawilobriv materialisturi elementebiT. gamomdinare jainisturi metafizikis analizidan, Cemi azriT jainizmi esaa idealistur-materialisturi atomisturi aTeisturi eternalizmi, romlis ideebi sakmaod damajerebelia da pirdapir aris dakavSirebuli Tanamedrove fizikis fundamentur doqtrinasTan, „energiis Senaxvis kanonTan“, romlis Tanaxmadac araferi ar iqmneba da araferi ar nadgurdeba, aramed yvela da yvelaferi mxolod gardaiqmneba da usawyisod da usasrulod gadadis yofierebis erTi fazidan meoreSi.


jainistur moZRvrebaSi arsebobs sami mTavari saganZuri: samiag-jnana – WeSmariti codna, samiag-darSana – WeSmariti rwmena da samiag-Caritra – marTali saqcieli.


ufro praqtikulad WeSmariti anu marTali rwmena SeiZleba aRiweros Semdegnairad:


1. rwmena imisa, rom samyaro iyofa cocxal da aracocxal elementebad.

2. rwmena imisa, rom suli da materia imyofebian urTierTqmedebaSi Svidi safuZvelis procesis gavliT.

3. tirTxankarebis, WeSmariti wminda werilis da sulier moZRvarTa WeSmaritebis rwmena.


arsebobs im adamianebis xuTi ganmasxvavebeli niSan-Tviseba, romelic gansazRvravs marTali rwmenis mflobels:


1. sulieri simSvide (prasana)

2. sulieri xsnis anu ganTavisuflebis survili (samvega)

3. samyaroze armijaWvuloba (nirveda)

4. TanagrZnoba (anukampa)

5. safuZvlebis rwmena (astikia)


adamiani romelic flobs marTal rwmenas, Tavisufalia siamayis rva saxeobisgan:


1. siamaye ojaxiT

2. siamaye ZaliT

3. siamaye silamaziT

4. siamaye codniT

5. siamaye simdidriT

6. siamaye ZalauflebiT

7. siamaye materialur samyaroSi arsebuli kavSirebiT

8. siamaye sulieri warmatebebiT


is agreTve unda akmayofilebdes rva moTxovnas, raTa miaRwios:


1. eWvebisgan Tavisuflebas

2. materialuri komfortis survilisgan Tavisuflebas

3. WeSmariti morwmuneebis pativiscemas

4. Tavisuflebas ltolvisa da SezizRebisgan

5. cru gzisadmi midrekilebisgan Tavisuflebas

6. urwmunoTa xsnas

7. marTali rwmenis gamocxadebas

8. WeSmariti swavlebis gavrcelebas


marTali gzis mimdevari (marganusari):


1. gamoimuSavebs fuls patiosani gziT

2. didad afasebs imaT vinc sulieri ganviTarebiT masze maRla dganan da mihyveba maT

3. Sedis qorwinebaSi mxolod Tanaswor da wesier adamianebTan

4. erideba codvis Cadenas

5. icavs droisa da adgilis wes-Cveulebebs

6. augad ar saubrobs sxvebze

7. cxovrobs karg mxareSi da usafrTxo sacxovrebelSi

8. mudam karg kampaniaSia

9. pativs scems mSoblebs

10. tovebs safrTxis Semcvel da cudi reputaciis mqone adgilebs

11. ar sCadis cud saqciels

12. cxovrobs sakuTari finansuri SesaZleblobebis farglebSi

13. imoseba statusisa da wes-Cveulebebis mixedviT

14. viTardeba inteleqtualurad

15. yoveldRiurad ismens saubrebs religiur Temaze

16. ikvebeba dadgenil dros

17. uars ambobs sakvebze, rodesac mounelebloba awuxebs

18. axorcielebs sam mizans: religias, simdidres da siamovnebis mopovebas sxvebisTvis zianis miyenebis gareSe

19. aZlevs wyalobas berebs da Ratakebs

20. Tavisufalia sijiutisgan

21. keTilSobilia

22. ar dadis akrZalul adgilebSi

23. moqmedebs sakuTari SesaZleblobebis Sesabamisad

24. pativs scems brZenebs

25. zrunavs maTze vinc maszea damokidebuli

26. Sorsmxedvelia

27. specializirebulia sakuTar sferoSi

28. imaTi madlobelia vinc mas exmareba

29. karg zegavlenas axdens sxvebze

30. TavSekavebulia

31. mowyalea

32. naTeli goneba aqvs

33. keTilganwyobilia

34. ebrZvis eqvs Sinagan mters: survils, mrisxanebas, sixarbes, siamayes, aRgznebas da Surianobas

35. akontrolebs xuT grZnobas


WeSmariti jaini icavs xuT aRTqmas:

pirveli aRTqma: Zaladobisgan TavSekaveba da araZaladobis praqtika (ahimsa)

meore aRTqma: sicruisgan Tavis Sekaveba da simarTlis Tqma (satia-vrata)

mesame aRTqma: qurdobisgan Tavis Sekaveba (asteia-vrata)

meoTxe aRTqma: mruSobisgan TavSekaveba da ubiwoebis dacva (brahmaCaria-vrata)

mexuTe aRTqma: aramomxveWeloba (aparigraha)


jainma berebma unda ganaxorcielon praqtikaSi kontrolis sami saxeoba (gupti):


1. gonebis kontroli (mano gupti)

2. sityvebis kontroli (vaCana gupti)

3. sxeulis kontroli (kaia gupti)


berebma praqtikaSi unda ganaxorcielon dakvirvebulobis xuTi saxeoba (samiti):


1. dakvirvebuloba siarulisas

2. dakvirvebuloba saubrisas

3. dakvirvebuloba Wamisas

4. dakvirvebuloba sagnebis xmarebisas

5. dakvirvebuloba bunebrivi moTxovnilebebis moTavebisas


beri agreTve unda icavdes aT keTilSobil movaleobas (dharma):


1. Sendobis absoluturi unari (utama kSama)

2. mokrZalebuloba (mardava)

3. pirdapiroba (arjava)

4. WeSmariteba (satia)

5. siwminde (SuCi)

6. TviTkontroli (samiana)

7. askeza (tapas)

8. gandgomileba (tiaga)

9. armijaWvuloba (akinCania)

10. ubiwoeba (brahmaCaria)


xarisxobrivi aRTqmebi (gunavrata)


SezRuduli teritoriis aRTqma (digavrata), rodesac morwmune aTi mimarTulebiT sazRvravs Tavis sacxovriss.

sagnebis SezRuduli gamoyenebis aRTqma (bhoga-upabhoga vrata), rodesac morwmune zRudavs materialuri sagnebiT sargeblobas.

umizno codvebisgan Tavis aridebis aRTqma (anartha-danda vrata), rodesac morwmune akontrolebs sakuTar azrebs, sityvebs da saqciels.


disciplinuri aRTqmebi (SikSavrata)


1. samaiika-vrata – rodesac adamiani erideba codvil saqmianobas da dakavebulia meditaciiT, locvebis kiTxviT da wminda teqstebis SeswavliT.

2. devaSavakaSika-vrata – rodesac adamiani debs aRTqmas da zRudavs sakuTar saarsebo sivrces garkveuli dro.

3. pauSadxa-vrata – rodesac ubralo morwmune uaxlovdeba berul cxovrebas, iwyebs marxvas da dakavebulia mxolod sulieri praqtikiT.

4. atitxi-samvibhaga vrata – rodesac adamiani mowiwebiT sTavazobs berebs sakvebs, samoss da medikamentebs.


marTali askeza.


marTali askeza Sedgeba Tormeti praqtikisgan.


garegani askeza:


1. marxva (anaSana)

2. ufro naklebi sakvebis miReba vidre aucilebelia (unodari)

3. maTxovrobiT cxovreba (bhikSaCari)

4. ugemuri sakvebis Wama (rasa paritiaga)

5. sxeulebrivi tkivilis atana da gaZleba (kaia kleSa)

6. amsofliuri saqmianobebisgan ganrideba da ganmartoeba (sallinata)


Sinagani askeza:


1. monanieba (praiaSCita)

2. berebis pativiscema (vinaia)

3. berebis msaxureba (vaiavratia)

4. kvleva-Zieba (svadhia)

5. meditacia (dhiana)

6. gandegiloba (viutsarga)


jainis swavlebaSi arsebobs Tormeti saxeoba meditaciisa (bhavana):


askezis es Tormeti saxeoba suls exmareba gasxivosnebis miRwevasa da materiisagan ganTavisuflebaSi.


1. fiqri aramudmivobis Sesaxeb (anitia bhavana). aq igulisxmeba yofierebis aramudmivoba samyaroSi.

2. fiqri umweobis Sesaxeb (aSarana bhavana). aq saubaria imaze, rom suls ar gaaCnia sxva sazrdo da TavSesafari garda religiisa.

3. fiqri sansaras Sesaxeb (sansara bhavana). aq aucilebelia dafiqreba dabadebisa da sikvdilis ciklze, romelsac suli gadis usawyiso droidan.

4. fiqri martoobis Sesaxeb (ekatva bhavana). aq adamianma unda gaacnobieros rom suli Tavisi evoluciis gzas gadis srul martoobaSim mas aravin axlavs Tan.

5. fiqri gansxvavebulobis Sesaxeb (aniatva bhavana). aq adamiani acnobierebs sulisa da sxeulis gansxvavebulobas.

6. fiqri sibinZuris Sesaxeb (aSuCi bhavana). adaminur sxeulSi saamayo araferia, is mudam binZuria da savsea sisxliTa da ZvlebiT da aqvs midrekileba sneulebebisaken.

7. fiqri moZalebuli karmuli nakadis Sesaxeb (asrava bhavana). aq adamiani fiqrobs karmuli materiis nakadis moZalebaze.

8. fiqri karmuli nakadis SeCerebis Sesaxeb (samvara bhavana).

9. fiqri karmisagan gasufTavebis Sesaxeb (nirjara bhavana).

10. fiqri samyaros bunebaze (loka bhavana).

11. fiqri imaze, rom rTulia ganTavisuflebis gzis povna (bodhi durlabha bhavana).

12. fiqri dharmis Sesaxeb (dharma bhavana).


arsebobs sazogadod miRebuli ori jgufi, romelTagan TiToeuli TviTkontrolis 17 qvedanayofisgan Sedgeba.


pirveli jgufi:


TviTkontroli xuTi saxis uZravi cocxali arsebebis mimarT:


1. zianis ar miyeneba miwaze mcxovrebi cocxali arsebebisTvis

2. zianis ar miyeneba wyalSi mcxovrebi cocxali arsebebisTvis

3. zianis ar miyeneba cecxlSi mcxovrebi cocxali arsebebisTvis

4. zianis ar miyeneba haerSi mcxovrebi cocxali arsebebisTvis

5. zianis ar miyeneba bostneulisaTvis


TviTkontroli oTxi saxis moZravi cocxali arsebebis mimarT:


6. zianis ar miyeneba ori grZnobiTi organos mqone cocxali arsebebisaTvis

7. zianis ar miyeneba sami grZnobiTi organos mqone cocxali arsebebisaTvis

8. zianis ar miyeneba oTxi grZnobiTi organos mqone cocxali arsebebisaTvis

9. zianis ar miyeneba xuTi grZnobiTi organos mqone cocxali arsebebisaTvis

10. Zvirfasi nivTebisgan Tavis Sors daWera

11. jdomis, siarulis da Zilis dros dakvirvebuloba

12. gulgriloba materialuri saqmianobebis mimarT

13. fiziologiuri moTxovnilebebis moTavebisTvis adgilis dakvirvebiT SerCeva

14. samosis da sxva sagnebis movla-patronoba

15. gonebis kontroli

16. sityvebis kontroli

17. sxeulis kontroli


meore jgufi: xuTi grZnobis kontroli:


1. Sexebis grZnobis kontroli

2. gemovnebis kontroli

3. ynosvis kontroli

4. mxedvelobis kontroli

5. smenis kontroli


xuTi codvisgan TavSekaveba:


6. Zaladobisgan TavSekaveba

7. sicruisgan TavSekaveba

8. qurdobisgan TavSekaveba

9. mruSobisgan TavSekaveba

10. momxveWelobisgan TavSekaveba



oTx vnebaze gamarjveba:


11. gamarjveba mrisxanebaze

12. gamarjveba siamayeze

13. gamarjveba tyuilze

14. gamarjveba sixarbeze


sami Suamavlis kontroli


15. gonebis kontroli

16. sityvebis kontroli

17. sxeulis kontroli


jainebi praqtikaSi axorcieleben Tayvaniscemis xuTsaxa formulas, romelic jainebis yvela skolis mier aris aRiarebuli da ewodeba namaskara-mantra (an panCa namaskara). es mantra aris jainisturi wminda werilis sinTezi. esenia:


namo arixantanam – arxatebis anu gasxivosnebuli sulebis Tayvaniscema.

namo sidhanam – sidhebis anu ganTavisuflebuli sulebis Tayvaniscema.

namo aiCarianam – aCariebis anu religiuri meTaurebis Tayvaniscema

namo uvajjxaianam – upadxiebis anu religiuri maswavleblebis Tayvaniscema.

namo loe savva saxunam – msoflios yvela beris Tayvaniscema.


misdevs ra Tavis analitikur tradicias jainizmi karmas ramodenime jgufad hyofs, gamohyofs maT ganmasxvavebel niSan-Tvisebebs, raTa misi gageba gaioldes. Sesabamisad karma iyofa Semdeg jgufebad:


1. dravia-karma da bhava-karma (materialuri da azrobrivi karma)

2. Subha-karma da aSubha-karma (bednieri anu pozitiuri da ubeduri da uaryofiTi karma)

3. iriapatxika-karma da sampraraiika-karma (karma, romelic iTrevs da karma romelic ar iTrevs)

4. ghati-karma da aghati-karma (dabinduli karma da aradabinduli karma)


karma romelic gansazRvravs statuss (gotra)


es karma gansazRvravs imas, Tu sad daibadeba cocxali arseba. is iyofa orad: maRali statusis karmad da dabali statusis karmad, romelTagan TiToeuli rva qvesaxeobad iyofa.


1. maRali statusis karma (uCxa-gotra) adamians aniWebs maRal socialur, inteleqtualur da sulier statuss.

2. dabali statusis karma (niCa-gotra) adamians marTebs sruliad sapirispiro rames, is adamians aniWebs socialur, inteleqtualur da sulier siRatakes da dacemul mdgomareobas.


winaaRmdegobrivi karma (antaraia)


es karma xels uSlis sasurvelis miRebas da miznebis ganxorcielebas da flobs xuT qvesaxeobas.


1. karma, romelic aferxebs moqmedebas (dana-antaraia): am karmis zegavleniT SeuZlebeli xdeba im adamianTaTvis sagnebis gadacema, romlebic imsaxureben amas.

2. karma romelic aferxebs mogebas (labdha-antaraia): am karmis zegavleniT yovelgvari Zalisxmevis miuxedavad SeuZlebelia mogebis miReba.

3. karma romelic aferxebs tkbobas (bhoga-antaraia): am karmis gamo SeuZlebeli xdeba sakvebiT, sasmeliT da a.S. tkboba.

4. karma romelic ewinaaRmdegeba xangrZliv tkbobas (upabhoga-antaraia): am saxis karmis zegavleniT SeuZlebeli xdeba im sagnebiT tkboba, romlebiT tkbobac SeiZleba araerTxel.

5. Zalis Semaferxebeli karma (viria-antaraia): am saxis karmis zegavleniT SeuZlebeli xdeba sakuTari Zalebis mTlianad da srulfasovnad gamoyeneba.

anupurvi-nama-karma jivas (cocxal arsebas) aiZulebs, rodesac misi sicocxlis xangrZlivoba sruldeba, wavides sikvdilis adgilidan dadgenil dros axali dabadebis adgilas. rameTu arsebobs yofierebis oTxi mdgomareoba (RmerTebi, adamianebi, cxovelebi da jojoxeTis arsebebi), agreTve arsebobs anupurvi karmas oTxi saxeoba:


1. deva-anupurvi nama-karma (RmerTebis karma)

2. manuSia-anupurvi nama-karma (adamianebis karma)

3. tiriag-anupurvi nama-karma (cxovelTa karma)

4. naraka-anupurvi nama-karma (jojoxeTis arsebaTa karma)


moZraoba (gati):


1. praSasta-vihaiogati nama-karma cocxal arsebas aZlevs saSualebas imoZraos rogorc siamovnebs

2. apraSasta-vihaiogi nama-karma iwvevs moZraobis uwesrigo maneras.


pratieka-prakriti:


1. paraghata-nama-karma cocxal arsebas aZlevs sxvebze upiratesobas. is aniWebs sxvebisTvis zianis miyenebis da ganadgurebis unars, sxva mxriv ar uSvebs mtrebis gamarjvebas da zianis miyenebas am upiratesobis mflobelisTvis sxvebis mxridan.

2. uCxavasa-nama-karma aniWebs sunTqvis unars.

3. atapa-nama-karma cocxali arsebis sxeuls, romelic TavisTavad araa cxeli, gamoasxivos Tbili sidiade.

4. udiota-nama-karma RmerTebis, asketebis, agreTve mTvaris, varkvlavebis, Zvirfasi qvebis, mcenareebis da manaTobeli mwerebis sxeulebs im saxis transformaciis unars aniWebs, romlis Sedegadac maT SeuZliaT civi sinaTlis gamosxiveba.

5. agurulaghu-nama-karma cocxal arsebas xdis arc mZimed da arc msubuqad e.i. mas aniWebs unars ar flobdes arc absolutur wonas da arc mis absolutur arqonas.

6. tirtxankara-nama-karmas cocxali arseba mihyavs tirTxankaras mdgomareobaSi.

7. nirmana-nama-karma gansazRvravs sxeulis formacias e.i. sxeulis nawilebs ayalibebs ise rogorc saWiroa.

8. upaghata-nama-karma iwvevs TviTgvemas, es xdeba maSin rodesac cocxali arsebis sxeulis romelime nawili iwvevs tanjvas.


trasa-prakriti:


1. trasa-nama-karma sxeuls aZlevs unars imoZraos bunebrivad

2. badara-nama-karma iZleva uxeS sxeuls

3. pariapta-nama-karma organoebs da sxeulis unarebs, grZnobebs, sunTqvas, sityvebs da azrebs ganviTarebaSi exmareba

4. pratieka-nama-karma cocxal arsebas aZlevs saSualebas flobdes gancalkevebul sxeuls

5. stxira-nama-karma kbilebs, Zvlebs da a.S. aniWebs unars iyvnen mkvrivebi

6. Subha-nama-karma Wipis zemoT ganlagebul sxeulis nawilebs aniWebs unars iyvnen mSvenierebi

7. subhaga-nama-karma cocxal arsebas aZlevs unars iyos simpaTiuri imis mimarT is winaSec valSi araa

8. susvara-nama-karma xmas melodiurs xdis

9. adeia-nama-karma adamians aniWebs unars iyos damajerebeli

10. iaSkirti-nama-karma aris Rirsebis da didebis garantia


stxavara prakriti:


1. stxavara-nama-karma cocxal arsebas aZlevs uZrav sxeuls.

2. sukSma-nama-karma elementarul arsebebs aZlevs fizikuri grZnobebiT Seucnobad natif sxeuls.

3. apariapta-nama-karma ar aZlevs organoebs ganviTardnen srulyofilad da tovebs maT Camouyalibeblad.

4. sadharana cocxal arsebas aZlevs sxva cocxali arsebebis msgavs sxeuls.

5. astxira-nama-karma xels uwyobs yurebis, warbebis da sxeulis sxva nawilebis moqnilobas.

6. aSubha-nama-karma wels qvemoT mdebare sxeulis nawilebs sagrZnobad maxinjs xdis.

7. durbhaga-nama-karma xdis cocxal arsebas arasimpaTiurs.

8. duxsavara-nama-karma cocxali arsebis xmas aramelodiurs xdis.

9. anadeia-nama-karma laparaks xdis aradamajereblad.

10. aiiaSkirti-nama-karmas mivyavarT uRirsobisa da sircxvilisken.


karma romelic Crdilavs da bindavs codnas (jnanavarania-karma)


1. karma, romelic Crdilavs codnas, miRebuls grZnobebis Sedegad.

2. karma, romelic Crdilavs codnas, miRebuls mosmeniT.

3. karma, romelic Crdilavs codnas, miRebuls naTelxilviT.

4. karma, romelic Crdilavs codnas, miRebuls telepatiiT.

5. karma, romelic Crdilavs codnas, miRebuls yovlismcodneobiT.


karma romelic Crdilavs da bindavs aRqmas (darSanavarania-karma)


sityva darSana iTargmneba rogorc „aRqma“, raTa ganvasxvavoT igi im SemTxvevaTagan roca igi niSnavs rwmenas an xedvas. aqedan gamomdinare darSana anu aRqma aq niSnavs sagnebis saerTo araspecifikur codnas, rac sapirispiroa specifikuri codnisa, romelsac ewodeba jnana. es saerTo aRqma arsebobs oTxi saxis, aqedan karmac, romelic mas Crdilavs aris oTxi saxis:


1. karma, romelic Crdilavs mxedvelobiT aRqmas.

2. karma, romelic Crdilavs aramxedvelobiT aRqmas (gonebiT).

3. karma, romelic Crdilavs distanciurad miRebul codnas.

4. karma romelic Crdilavs srulyofil aRqmas.



amasTan damatebiT arsebobs karmis kidev xuTi qvesaxeoba, romlebic Crdilaven aRqmas, romlebic dakavSirebuli arian Zilis sifxizleze mbrZaneblobaze. maT ewodebaT „vedania“.


1. karma, romelic iwvevs Zils, romlidanac gamofxizleba martivia.

2. karma, romelic iwvevs Zils, romlisganac rTulia gamofxizleba.

3. karma, romelic iwvevs Zils dgomisa da jdomis dros.

4. karma, romelic iwvevs Zils siarulisas.

5. karma, romelic ZilSi sxvadasxva moqmedebebs iwvevs (somnambulizmi).


karma romelic iwvevs SegrZnebebs (vedania-karma)


es karma iwvevs materialur SegrZnebebs.


1. karma, romelic iwvevs siamovnebas da bednierebas.

2. karma, romelic iwvevs tkivils da ubedurebas.


karma romelsac SecdomilebaSi Sehyavs cocxali arseba (moxania-karma)


am saxis karma xels uSlis sulis Zalisxmevas. es karma imdenad Zlieria, rom Tan moaqvs sulis SeboWvis yvela sxva forma: udisciplino cxovreba (avirati), mouridebloba (pramada), vneba (keSaia) da ioga (sulis vibraciebi). karmis es forma amaxinjebs marTal rwmenas da aRqmas. igi xels uSlis marTal saqciels.


oTxi mTavari vnebis garda arsebobs kidev cxra „psevdovneba“ anu „subvnebebi“, romlebic Tan axlavan mrisxanebas, siamayes, sicrues da sixarbes da mihyavT isini intensifikaciisaken. isinia:


1. sicili

2. simpaTia

3. antipaTia

4. SiSi

5. mwuxareba

6. upativcemloba

7. qaluri seqsualuri vneba

8. mamrobiTi seqsualuri vneba

9. saSualo sqesis seqsualuri vneba.


karma romelic gansazRvravs fizikur agebulebas (nama)


es karma gansazRvravs fizikur struqturas anu sxeuls romelic sulma unda daikavos. am karmis mravali klasifikacia arsebobs:


1. pinda-prakriti: 14 kategoria, romelic Seicavs 65 qvesaxeobas.

2. pratieka-prakriti: 8 saxeoba.

3. trasa-prakriti: 10 saxeoba.

4. stxavara-prakriti: 10 saxeoba.


jainuri swavlebiT arsebobs karmis 42 mTavari klasi da 93 subklasi, romlebic gansazRvraven fizikur struqturas.


pinda prakritis 14 saxeoba da 65 qvesaxeoba.


yofierebis mdgomareoba (gati):


1. deva-gati nama-karmas mivyavarT yofierebis RvTaebrivi mdgomareobisken.

2. manuSia-gati nama-karmas mivyavarT yofierebis adamianuri mdgomareobisken.

3. tiriag-gati nama-karmas mivyavarT yofierebis cxoveluri mdgomareobisken.

4. naraka-gati nama-karmas mivyavarT yofierebis umdablesi mdgomareobisken.


cocxali arsebebis klasebi (jati):


1. ekendria-jati nama-karmas mivyavarT erTi grZnobiTi organos mqone arsebad dabadebisken.

2. dvindria-jati nama-karmas mivyavarT ori grZnobiTi organos mqone arsebad dabadebisken.

3. trindria-jati nama-karmas mivyavarT sami grZnobiTi organos mqone arsebad dabadebisken.

4. Caturindria-jati nama-karmas mivyavarT oTxi grZnobiTi organos mqone arsebad dabadebisken.

5. panCendria-jati nama-karmas mivyavarT xuTi grZnobiTi organos mqone arsebad dabadebisken.


sxeulebi (Sarira):


1. audarika-Sarira nama-karma qmnis fizikur sxeuls, romelic damaxasiaTebelia adamianebisa da cxovelebisaTvis.

2. vaikria-Sarira nama-karma qmnis „transformaciis sxeuls“, romelic Sedgeba natifi materiisgan da formaSi da ganzomilebebSi. bunebiT am sxeuls floben RmerTebi, umdablesi arsebebi da zogierTi cxovelebi, adamians misi SeZena SeuZlia umaRlesi srulyofilebis mdgomareobaSi.

3. axaraka-Sarira nama-karma qmnis „gadaadgilebis (teleportaciis) sxeuls“. es sxeuli Sedgeba natifi materiisa da sufTa substanciisgan da cocxal arsebas aZlevs unars nebismieri saxis aqtiuri an pasiuri winaaRmdegobis gareSe gadaadgildes. is asketebs saSualebas aZlevs rTul dogmatur sakiTxebTan dakavSirebuli informacia miiRon arxatebisgan, romlebic samyaros sxva nawilSi imyofebian, maSin roca maTi fizikuri sxeulebi rCeba dedamiwaze.

4. taijasa-Sarira nama-karma qmnis „cecxlovan sxeuls“. es sxeuli Sedgeba cecxlovani pudgalebisgan da misi funqciaa sakvebis moneleba, is agreTve asketebis mier gamoiyeneba cocxali arsebebis da sagnebis dasaferflad.

5. karmana-Sarira nama-karma qmnis karmul sxeuls. is warmoadgens karmuli nivTierebis saTavsos. is dinamikuria da yovelwamierad icvleba da gardaisaxeba, rameTu axali karma mudmivad asimilirdeba sulis mier, xolo ukve arsebuli qvreba. a, sxeulis TanxlebiT jiva tovebs fizikur sxeuls sikvdilis momentSi da Tavisi axali dabadebis adgilas gadainacvlebs, sadac karmuli sxeuli axdens danarCeni axali sxeulebis bazisis formirebas.

sxeulis mTavari da meorexarisxovani nawilebi:


angopanga-nama-karma sawyiss aZlevs sxeulis mTavar da meorexarisxovan nawilebs. cecxlovani da karmuli sxeulebi nawilebs ar floben, amitomac arsebobs mxolod sami saxis amgvari karma:


1. audarika-angopanga nama-karma qmnis fizikuri sxeulis mTavar da meorexarisxovan nawilebs.

2. vaikria-angopanga nama-karma qmnis „transformaciis sxeulis“ mTavar da meorexarisxovan nawilebs.

3. axaraka-angopanga nama-karma qmnis „gadanacvlebis sxeulis“ mTavar da meorexarisxovan nawilebs.


karmuli SeboWvis xuTi saxeoba.


bandhana-nama-karma axalSTanTqmul pudgalebs aZlevs unars SeerTdnen SezRudul erTianobaSi adre asimilirebulebTan, aris am karmis xuTi saxeoba, romlebic Seesabamebian xuT sxeuls:


1. audarika-bandhana-nama-karma boWavs fizikur sxeuls.

2. vaikria-bandhana-nama-karma boWavs „transformaciis sxeuls“.

3. axaraka-bandhana-nama-karma boWavs „gadanacvlebis sxeuls“.

4. taijasa-bandhana-nama-karma boWavs „cecxlovan sxeuls“.

5. karmana-bandhana-nama-karma boWavs karmul sxeuls.



SeerTebebi:


sanghatana-nama-karma


es karma aiZulebs sxvadasxva sxeulebis pudgalebs erTmaneTs daukavSirdnen; is „agrovebs“ maT. xuTi sxeulis Sesabamisad arsebobs amgvari karmis xuTi saxeoba:


1. audarika-sanghatana-nama-karma erTad agrovebs fizikuri sxeulis pudgalebs.

2. vaikria-sanghatana-nama-karma erTad agrovebs „transformaciis sxeulis“ pudgalebs.

3. axaraka-sanghatana-nama-karma erTad agrovebs „gadaadgilebis sxeulis“ pudgalebs.

4. taijasa-sanghatana-nama-karma erTad agrovebs „cecxlovani sxeulis“ pudgalebs.

5. karmana-sanghatana-nama-karma erTad agrovebs karmuli sxeulis pudgalebs.


sxeulis agebuleba:


samsthana-nama-karma gansazRvravs cocxali arsebis sxeulis agebulebas:


1. samaCaturaSrasamsthana-nama-karma qmnis mTlianad simetriul sxeuls

2. niagrodha-parimandalasamsthana-nama-karma simetriulad ayalibebs mxolod sxeulis zeda nawils

3. sadi-samsthana-nama-karma simetriulad ayalibebs mxolod sxeulis qveda nawils

4. kubja-samsthana-nama-karma sxeuls xdis kuzians, magram xelebi, fexebi, Tavi kiseri simetriulia

5. vamana-samsthana-nama-karma qmnis juja sxeuls

6. xunda-samsthana-nama-karma sxeuls ayalibebs arasimetriulad

gamoxmaureba