←  biznesi,samarTali, kanonmdebloba

Planeta.Ge

»

arara administraciul-samarTlebrivi aqti -...

- is suraTebi Asmat Gogatishvili 06 Mar 2014

sakasacio sasamarTlo ganmartavs, rom zogadi administraciuli kodeqsis me-60 muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli administraciul-samarTlebrivi aqtis gauqmebis erT-erTi samarTlebrivi forma - ararad aRiarebaa. arara administraciuli aqti imTaviTve baTilia da ar aris Sesasruleblad savaldebulo Zalis mqone, Sesabamisad amgvari aqtis safuZvelze ganxorcielebuli samarTalurTierTobani an moqmedebani ver SeiZens legitimur xasiaTs.

sakasacio sasamarTlo ganmartavs, rom aqtis ararad aRiarebis safuZvlebis dadgenisas kanonmdebeli miznad isaxavs administrirebis kanonierebisa da piris samarTlebrivi dacvis uzrunvelyofas. administraciuli organos an sasamarTlo wesiT aqtis ararad aRiareba, anu aqtis ararad aRiarebis erT-erTi safuZvlis dadgena - dadastureba iwvevs mZime iuridiul Sedegs, radgan mis safuZvelze ganxorcielebuli moqmedebebi aseve miiCneva aralegitimurad.

sakasacio sasamarTlo ganmartavs, rom zogadi administraciuli kodeqsis me-60, 60I da 61-e muxlebis Sinaarsidan gamomdinare, kanonmdebelma erTmaneTisgan gamijna arara, ukanono da kanonieri administraciul-samarTlebrivi aqtebi, raTa dadgindes TiToeulis samarTlebrivi Sedegebis gauqmebis sakiTxi, kerZod, arara aqts miRebisTanave ara aqvs iuridiuli Zala da ar warmoSobs samarTlebriv Sedegs, xolo kanonier (60I) da ukanono (61-e) administraciul samarTlebriv aqtebs SeuZliaT SeiZinon Sesasruleblad savaldebulo xasiaTi maTi adresatisaTvis.

sakasacio sasamarTlo ganmartavs, rom administraciuli samarTlis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi - kanonieri ndobis instituti ar SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnes arara aqtebis mimarT, ramdenadac: 1. amgvari aqti ar aris iuridiuli Zalis mqone; 2. zogadi administraciuli kodeqsi miTiTebuli institutis gamoyenebis SesaZleblobas uSvebs kanonieri da ukanono aqtebis da arc maT safuZvelze ganxorcielebuli RonisZiebebis mimarT, Sesabamisi savaldebulo winapirobebis arsebobis SemTxvevaSi; 3. kanonieri ndobis institutis arseboba pirdapir kavSirSia samarTlebriv SedegTan, swored samarTlebrivi Sedegis stabilurobis SenarCunebis mizans emsaxureba kanonieri ndobis dacva.

sakasacio sasamarTlo ganmartavs, rom doqtrina administraciul-samarTlebrivi aqtis kanonierebis Sesaxeb moicavs or aspeqts. kerZod, Tu ra SemTxvevaSia aqti kanonieri an ukanono da meores mxriv, Tu ra samarTlebriv Sedegebs iwvevs administraciul-samarTlebrivi aqtis marTlwinaaRmdegoba. dainteresebuli mxaris kanonieri ndoba ar aris dacvis Rirsi, anu ar arsebobs kanonieri ndoba, Tu a) mas safuZvlad udevs dainteresebuli mxaris ukanono qmedeba da b) an, rodesac misTvis am aqtis ukanonoba cnobili iyo an unda codnoda.

zemoaRniSnulidan gamomdinare arara aqtebis safuZvelze dadebuli administraciuli xelSekruleba anu mmarTvelobiTi RonisZieba aseve ver iqneba miCneuli marTlzomierad, ramdenadac mocemul davaSi saxezea SemTxveva, roca administraciul xelSekrulebasa da administraciul-samarTlebriv aqts Soris arsebobs pirdapiri kavSiri, kerZod, administraciuli aqti sadavo administraciuli xelSekrulebis dadebis safuZvelia da es saerTod axasiaTebs qveyanaSi moqmed saxelmwifo qonebis privatizaciis procesis momwesrigebel sakanonmdeblo bazas. faqtiurad, qonebis gansaxelmwifoebriobis nebismieri formiT realizacia iTvaliswinebs proceduras, sadac administraciul-samarTlebrivi aqtebis gamocema, ase mag. qonebis saprivatizebo nusxaSi Setana, privatizaciis formis (konkursis, auqcioni, pirdapiri miyidva) gansazRvra, fasis dadgena, gamarjvebulad gamocxadeba, win uswrebs da safuZvlad edeba administraciuli xelSekrulebis dadebas, ramdenadac swored aqtebis SinaarsiT ganisazRvreba xelSekrulebis sagani, subieqti, piroba, fasi da sxva. proceduras, sadac administraciul-samarTlebrivi aqtebis gamocema, ase mag. qonebis saprivatizebo nusxaSi Setana, privatizaciis formis (konkursis, auqcioni, pirdapiri miyidva) gansazRvra, fasis dadgena, gamarjvebulad gamocxadeba, win uswrebs da safuZvlad edeba administraciuli xelSekrulebis dadebas, ramdenadac swored aqtebis SinaarsiT ganisazRvreba xelSekrulebis sagani, subieqti, piroba, fasi da sxva.

sakasacio sasamarTlo ganmartavs, rom TeoriaSi aseve daSvebulia SemTxvevebi, rodesac administraciuli xelSekruleba ganapirobebs administraciul-samarTlebrivi aqtis gamocemas an xelSekruleba daedeba safuZvlad aqtis gamocemas. saqarTvelos zogadi administraciuli kodeqsi iTvaliswinebs amgvari pirdapiri kavSiris mxolod pirveli SesaZleblobis samarTlebriv Sedegze, roca miuTiTebs 70-e muxlSi, rom im administraciuli aqtis baTiloba, romlis safuZvelzec daido administraciuli xelSekruleba, am xelSekrulebis baTilobis safuZvelsac qmnis. miTiTebuli normis safuZvelze sakasacio sasamarTlos miaCnia, rom kanonmdebeli aramarTlzomieri administraciul-samarTlebrivi aqtis safuZvelze dadebul xelSekrulebas aseve aramarTlzomierad miiCnevs. am pirobebSi aqtis ararad aRiareba, romelic ukanonobis imgvar safuZvlebs Seicavs, romelTa gamoc kanonmdebeli mas imTaviTve, miRebis momentidanve aclis iuridiul Zalas, ris gareSec igi ver iZens iseTi samarTlebrivi aqtis Sinaarss, romelic aRsrulebas eqvemdebareba anu ar gaaCnia aRsrulebis Zalmosileba, gansxvavebiT ukanono (baTili) aqtebisgan, romlis aramarTlzomierebis miuxedavad daSvebulia misgan warmoSobili samarTlebrivi Sedegebis drois garkveuli monakveTiT SenarCuneba (zogadi administraciuli kodeqsis 60I muxlis me-7 punqti), ramdenadac kanonmdebeli administraciul organos an sasamarTlos aniWebs amgvari aqtis moqmedebis Sewyvetis TariRis gansazRvris uflebamosilebas.

samarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiT SeuZlebelia arara aqtis safuZvelze dadebuli administraciuli xelSekruleba marTlzomierad iqnes miCneuli, maT Soris uSualod saprivatizebo xelSekrulebisaTvis kanoniT dadgenili samwliani xandazmulobis gaTvaliswinebiT, vinidan, saxelSekrulebo urTierTobebSi kanoniT dadgenili xandazmulobis vada SeuZlebelia gamoyenebul iqna im xelSekrulebis mimarT, romelic dadebulia samarTlebrivi Sedegis verwarmomSobi arara aqtis safuZvelze da ver iqneba ganxiluli, rogorc samarTliT, maT Soris procesualur-samarTlebrivi instrumentebiT daculi nebis gamovlena, ramdenadac amgvari aqtebis mimarT ar arsebobs sasarCelo xandazmulobis vadebi.

sakasacio sasamarTlo ganmartavs, is garemoeba, rom zogadi administraciuli kodeqsis V TavSi uSualod ar aris miTiTebuli arara aqtis safuZvelze dadebuli xelSekrulebis samarTlebrivi bedi, SeiZleba aixsnas mxolod sakanonmdeblo xarveziT da swored zogadi administraciuli kodeqsis 70-e muxlis analogiiT arara aqtebis safuZvelze dadebuli xelSekrulebis mimarT unda gavrceldes adekvaturi samarTlebrivi midgoma, kerZod, xelSekrulebis upirobo baTiloba.

sakasacio sasamarTlo ganmartavs, rom sasarCelo xandazmulobis vadis armqone arara aqtebis safuZvelze dadebuli administraciuli xelSekrulebis mimarT sasarCelo xandazmulobis samwliani vadis gavrceleba niSnavs arara aqtebisaTvis samarTlebrivi Sedegis warmoSobis da am Sedegis marTlzomierebis daSvebas, rac arsSive ewinaaRmdegeba aqtis ararad aRiarebis instituts da arRvevs mmarTvelobis kanonierebis principis dacvis valdebulebas.

administraciuli da kerZosamarTlebrivi xelSekrulebis gamijvnas emsaxureba administraciuli xelSekrulebis cnebis legalur definiciaSi mocemuli elementi: “sajaro uflebamosilebis ganxorcielebis mizniT”. xelSekrulebis samarTlebriv bunebas gansazRvravs misi dadebis mizani; sakasacio sasamarTlo ganmartavs, rom xelSekrulebis mizani unda ganisazRvros misi Sinaarsidan gamomdinare, kerZod: arsebiTia imis dadgena Tu rogoria faqtobrivi garemoebebi - xelSekrulebiT nakisri valdebulebebis an dadgenili moTxovnebis samarTlebrivi buneba. mag, im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac xelSekruleba administraciuli samarTlis normebis Sesrulebas emsaxureba, rodesac is individualuri administraciul-samarTlebrivi aqtis gamocemis an sxva mmarTvelobiTi RonisZiebebis ganxorcielebis valdebulebas Seicavs, rodesac is moqalaqis sajarosamarTlebriv uflebamosilebebs an valdebulebebs adgens.
sakasacio sasamarTlos miaCnia, rom sadavo xelSekruleba dadebulia “saxelmwifo qonebis privatizebis Sesaxeb” kanonis normebis safuZvelze da am normatiuli aqtis normebis Sesrulebas emsaxureba, romelic upirobod ganekuTvneba administraciuli samarTals, amasTan, saxeze ar aris samoqalaqo kodeqsis 24-e muxliT gansazRvruli saxelmwifos uflebamosileba da statusi - kerZosamarTlebriv urTierTobebSi gamovides, rogorc kerZo samarTlis subieqti, saxelmwifo qonebis gansaxelmwifoebrioba (privatizacia) warmoadgens sajaro samarTlebriv urTierTobas, saxelmwifo gvevlineba am qonebis eqskluziuri gayidvis uflebis mqone subieqtad da ra drosac SezRudulia samoqalaqo garigebis damaxasiaTebeli aucilebeli ori elementi: mxareTa Tanasworoba da nebis avtonomia.

saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos 2007 wlis 31 ivlisis bs–1300-876(k-05) gadawyvetileba/ganCineba
gamoxmaureba